Burns

Burn Safety

Burns can be a risk to children and adults.  The following are a few things that we can do to keep ourselves from being burned and the proper way to treat that burn.

  • Matches and lighters should be kept out of reach.  Explain to your child about the dangers of playing with matches.  Families should have a fire escape plan that is practiced throughout the year so that family members are prepared in case of fire.

  • Water heaters should be set so the water temperature is less than 125 degrees.

  • Use the back burners on a stove and keep the handles towards the back or the middle of the stove to prevent children from reaching hot objects that are being used to cook with.

  • Use grills outside and keep them away from buildings and anything flammable and away from any objects that may catch on fire.

  • Most minor burns can be treated at home and will heal on their own.  However, for more severe burns, there are different remedies on how to treat them.

  • Heat burns can be put out by covering the flame with a blanket or by pouring water on it.  If you clothes catch fire, stop, drop and roll on the ground to extinguish the flames.

  • Cold temperature burns can be treated by tucking your extremities into your clothing, blowing warm air over them or by putting them in warm water.

  • For burns caused by scalded liquids, run cool tap water over the burn for 10-20 minutes.  DO NOT USE ICE.

  • For a burn caused by an electrical source, move the person away from the source and check for breathing and a heart rate.  If you can’t find either one, call 911.

  • Chemical burns can be caused by natural foods like chili peppers or by a substance that can be irritating to the skin.  The first action you must take is to find out what chemical caused the burn and then to call the Poison Control Center or the National Poison Control Hotline (1-800-222-1222).

  • Burns caused by hot plastic or tar must be treated very carefully.  Run cold water to cool the tar or plastic.  Observe the area for any other potential injuries.  Remove any jewelry or clothing from the burn site.  Do not remove clothes if it is stuck to the skin.  Cut off the loose fabric around the injury site.  Jewelry should be removed because it may be difficult to remove later is swelling were to occur.

  • For major burns that seek medical attention, cover the area with a clean, dry cloth to prevent infection from occurring.